Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury.

Mars carries the name of the Roman god of war, and is often referred to as the 'Red Planet' because the reddish iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance.

Mars' diameter ranges from 6,755 - 6,805 kms
Circumference around Mars is 21,297 kms
Mars has 2 known Moons, Deimon and Phobos
Orbit distance - 227,943,824 kms
Orbit period - 686.98 Earth days (1.88 Earth years)
Surface temperature of Mars is -87 to -5 degrees celcius
Length of day is 24.6 Earth hours
Length of year is 687 Earth days
First recorded - 2nd millenium BC by Egyptian astronomers

Mars and Astrology

Rules Aries and the 1st House
Spends around 6-30 weeks in each Sign
Mars is a Personal / Inner Planet, the challenges are about the Self.
The function is the development of will.
The expansion of courage.

Mars urges us to survive, to act decisively, be assertive and aggressive. To achieve desires, express bravery, courage, and the need for physical and sexual excitement.

Mars Asks
What battles must I face?
Where must I be more assertive if I am not to suffer pointless conflict and strife? How can I sharpen my will?
How do I express my aggressiveness?

Mars Moon, Deimos